The Ancient Rock-Cut Tombs of Myra’s Lycian Necropolis
The ancient town of Myra in Turkey may sound familiar to you, because St. Nicholas (one of the Santa Claus origins) was the bishop of Myra. Another claim to fame for the region is the many ancient ruins one can see there.
Perhaps most striking of all the ancient ruins in Myra are the rock-cut tombs of the ancient Lycian necropolis. Two burial sites, the river necropolis and ocean necropolis, with frontages resembling classical temples, are hewn from the cliffs towering above the town.
You can imagine the years of work that went into carving these tombs out of the cliff faces.
Ancient Wari Mummy
Archeologists working at Peru’s Huaca Pucllana ruins pulled a mummy from a tomb in 2008, thought to be from the ancient Wari culture that flourished before the Incas. Besides the female mummy, the tomb contained the remains of two other adults and a child.
It is the first intact Wari burial site discovered at Huaca Pucllana in the capital Lima, and researchers believe it dates from about 700 AD. The Wari people lived and ruled in what is now Peru for some 500 years, between 600 AD and 1100 AD. Their capital was near modern-day Ayacucho, in the Andes, but they traveled widely and are known for their extensive network of roads.
The bones of six humans—including two children—jade beads, shells, and stone tools are among the Mayan ”treasures” recently found in a water-filled cave off a sinkhole at the famous archaeological site of Chichén Itzá (picture)in Mexico, archaeologists say.
The ancient objects are most likely related to a ritual human sacrifice during a time when water levels were lower, sometime between A.D. 850 and 1250, the researchers say.
It’s “very improbable” that the remains and artifacts were “just tossed” into the sinkhole, known as a cenote, expedition leader Guillermo Anda told National Geographic News in an email. Rather, he said, they were likely placed there during a ceremony to appease the Mayan rain god, Chaak.
Kedareshwar Cave - India
Local legend holds that when the fourth pillar breaks, the world will come to an end. The cave of Kedareshwar, in which there is a big Shivling, is totally surrounded by water. The Shivling (also known as Lingam) is a representation of the Hindu deity Shiva used for worship in temples. Whether the lingam symbolizes the physical body of the god or something purely spiritual is the topic of many a century-old debate within Hinduism. The total height from its base is five feet and the water is waist-deep. It is quite difficult to reach the Shivling, as the water is ice-cold. There are sculptures carved out of the rocks here. In monsoon seasons, it is not possible to reach this cave, as a huge stream flows across its path.